The end user calculations allocate emissions from the production and processing of fuels (including the production electricity) to the consumers of these fuels to reflect the total emissions relating to that fuel use. This is in contrast to the 'by source' emission reporting in which emissions are attributed to the sector that emits them directly.

One example of an end user is the residential sector, emissions in this sector include:

  • direct emissions from domestic premises, for example, from burning gas, coal or oil for space heating.
  • emissions from power stations generating the electricity used by domestic consumers; emissions from refineries including refining, storage, flaring and extraction; emissions from coal mines (including emissions due to fuel use in the mining industry itself and fugitive emissions of methane from the mines); and emissions from the extraction, storage and distribution of mains gas.

The UK end user model has been used by policy makers in the United Kingdom to understand the interactions between the energy transformation industries and their effect on greenhouse gas emissions.

Get data

UK end user emissions statistics from the NAEI form part of the National Statistics, published by Defra and BEIS on an annual basis. Statistics related to air quality emissions can be found on Defra website and statistics for greenhouse gas emissions can be found on the BEIS website.

Page last modified: 28 November 2016