Pollutant Information: Vanadium 

About Vanadium

Category: Heavy metals and base cations

Acute exposure to vanadium by inhalation can cause irritation to the respiratory tract. Chronic exposure may lead to pneumonia. Emissions data are rather limited so the estimates are uncertain. Estimated emissions have declined by 44% since 1990.  Petroleum based fuels (DERV, fuel oil, gas oil and petroleum coke) are the main source of vanadium and contributed 88% of the total vanadium emissions in 2016.  Use of diesel (DERV) by road transport accounted for 55% of UK emissions and vanadium is one of the few metals where road fuel use is a major source.  Emissions from road transport have more than doubled since 1990 due to the increasing use of diesel. The reduction in emissions with time reflects the decline in the use of fuel oils by the electricity supply industry, industry in general and the domestic sector; decreases here have more than offset the increases in emissions from road transport.

» View and Download Vanadium emission summary data

Time series graph


Notable events

Start year End year Sector Information Impact
1984 1985 Public Electricity and Heat Production Miners strike resulting in a reduction in the consumption of coal and an increase in the consumption of alternative fuels in power stations for that year. Decrease in emissions

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