Pollutant Information: Vanadium
Category: Heavy metals and base cations
Acute exposure to vanadium by inhalation can cause irritation to the respiratory tract. Chronic exposure may lead to pneumonia. Emissions data are rather limited so the estimates are very uncertain. Estimated emissions have declined by 43% since 1990. Petroleum based fuels (DERV, fuel oil, gas oil and petroleum coke) contributed to 88% of the total 2015 vanadium emissions and diesel (DERV) use by road transport accounted for around 63% of this. The reduction in emissions with time reflects the decline in the use of fuel oils by the electricity supply industry, industry in general and the domestic sector; this is despite increases in road transport diesel use which have caused vanadium emissions from road transport to more than double since 1990.
Time series graph
|Start year||End year||Sector||Information||Impact|
|1984||1985||Public Electricity and Heat Production||Miners strike resulting in a reduction in the consumption of coal and an increase in the consumption of alternative fuels in power stations for that year.||Decrease in emissions|