Pollutant Information: Hydrogen Fluoride 

About Hydrogen Fluoride

Category: Air pollutants

Hydrogen fluoride (HF) is an acidic gas released to air from combustion of fuels that contain trace amounts of fluoride. Some industrial processes manufacture HF and/or use it as a reagent, also giving rise to emissions. Hydrogen fluoride is chemically very similar to HCl and emissions of HF display a similar source pattern to HCl. Like HCl, power generation is the most significant source, contributing 45% of total HF emission in 2015. The reduction of the emissions from this sector with time (87% since 1990) is an indication of the increased use of emission abatement equipment in power stations and reduction in the use of coal. Emissions of HF from the residential sector have also decreased with time. This is due to the decreasing use of coal for domestic heating.

» View and Download Hydrogen Fluoride emission summary data

Time series graph


Notable events

Start year End year Sector Information Impact
1984 1985 Public Electricity and Heat Production Miners strike resulting in a reduction in the consumption of coal and an increase in the consumption of alternative fuels in power stations for that year. Decrease in emissions
2009 2012 Public Electricity and Heat Production The economic downturn has caused significant reductions in energy demands and many industries have made cut backs or closures, resulting in reduced emissions. Decrease in emissions